It is composed of the heads of executive departments chosen by the president with the consent of the Senate, but the members do not hold seats in Congress, and their tenure, like that… Duties of the office The Constitution succinctly defines presidential functions, powers, and responsibilities. Presidents appoint all cabinet heads and most other high-ranking officials of the executive branch of the federal government. They also nominate all judges of the federal judiciary, including the members of the Supreme Court.
The Presentment Clause requires that any bill passed by Congress must be presented to the president before it can become law. Once the legislation has been presented, the president has three options: The legislation empowered the president to sign any spending bill into law while simultaneously striking certain spending items within the bill, particularly any new spending, any amount of discretionary spending, or any new limited tax benefit.
Congress could then repass that particular item. If the president then vetoed the new legislation, Congress could override the veto by its ordinary means, a two-thirds vote in both houses. City of New YorkU. Supreme Court ruled such a legislative alteration of the veto power to be unconstitutional.
FYI, here is what's come in to the Blog that relates to this office/rank. For recent questions sent in, check out Robert Hickey's Blog. For specific offices/ranks, check out Robert Hickey's On-Line Guide.. Link to Q&A just on How to Address the Current President. The President of the United States represents people just like you. The best way to have your concerns understood is to write to the President. A letter allows you to introduce yourself, offer your thoughts on a current issue, and express your support or constructive criticism. Each day White House. Buchanan was the son of James Buchanan and Elizabeth Speer, both of Scottish Presbyterian stock from the north of Ireland. His father had immigrated to the United States in and worked as a storekeeper. Buchanan was educated at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, graduating in , and.
One of the most important of all executive powers is the president's role as Commander-in-Chief of the United States Armed Forces.
The power to declare war is constitutionally vested in Congress, but the president has ultimate responsibility for the direction and disposition of the military.
The exact degree of authority that the Constitution grants to the President as Commander in Chief has been the subject of much debate throughout history, with Congress at various times granting the President wide authority and at others attempting to restrict that authority.
InWashington used his constitutional powers to assemble 12, militia to quell the Whiskey Rebellion —a conflict in western Pennsylvania involving armed farmers and distillers who refused to pay excise tax on spirits. According to historian Joseph Ellisthis was the "first and only time a sitting American president led troops in the field", though James Madison briefly took control of artillery units in defense of Washington D.
The President is to be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the United States. It would amount to nothing more than the supreme command and direction of the military and naval forces Presidents have historically initiated the process for going to war,   but critics have charged that there have been several conflicts in which presidents did not get official declarations, including Theodore Roosevelt 's military move into Panama in the Korean War the Vietnam War and the invasions of Grenada in  and Panama in Such agreements become, upon receiving the advice and consent of the U.
Senate by a two-thirds majority votebecome binding with the force of federal law. Administrative powers Suffice it to say that the President is made the sole repository of the executive powers of the United States, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed.
General Services AdministrationU. Ambassadorsmembers of the Cabinetand other federal officers, are all appointed by a president with the " advice and consent " of a majority of the Senate.
When the Senate is in recess for at least ten days, the president may make recess appointments. The power of a president to fire executive officials has long been a contentious political issue.
Generally, a president may remove executive officials purely at will. Within the Executive Office, the president's innermost layer of aides and their assistants are located in the White House Office.
Additionally, the president possesses the power to manage operations of the federal government through issuing various types of directives, such as presidential proclamation and executive orders.
When the president is lawfully exercising one of the constitutionally conferred presidential responsibilities, the scope of this power is broad. Moreover, Congress can overturn an executive order though legislation e.
Juridical powers The president also has the power to nominate federal judgesincluding members of the United States courts of appeals and the Supreme Court of the United States. However, these nominations require Senate confirmation. Securing Senate approval can provide a major obstacle for presidents who wish to orient the federal judiciary toward a particular ideological stance.
When nominating judges to U. Presidents may also grant pardons and reprieves. Gerald Ford pardoned Richard Nixon a month after taking office. Bill Clinton pardoned Patty Hearst on his last day in office, as is often done just before the end of a second presidential term, but not without controversy.
Historically, two doctrines concerning executive power have developed that enable the president to exercise executive power with a degree of autonomy. The first is executive privilegewhich allows the president to withhold from disclosure any communications made directly to the president in the performance of executive duties.
George Washington first claimed the privilege when Congress requested to see Chief Justice John Jay 's notes from an unpopular treaty negotiation with Great Britain.
While not enshrined in the Constitution, or any other law, Washington's action created the precedent for the privilege. When Nixon tried to use executive privilege as a reason for not turning over subpoenaed evidence to Congress during the Watergate scandalthe Supreme Court ruled in United States v.The United States’ position will require attention and representation; the courts will expect to hear the department’s views.
For the department, this presents another challenge. Its participation cannot consist, or appear to consist, of echoing the president’s private defense, under the watchful eye of its presidentially appointed.
The President of the United States represents people just like you. The best way to have your concerns understood is to write to the President. A letter allows you to introduce yourself, offer your thoughts on a current issue, and express your support or constructive criticism.
Each day White House. The Vice President of the United States has two primary duties first to act as the tie breaking vote in the United States Senate (President of the Senate) and secondly, to inquire of the health of the President of the United States.
Nov 09, · Watch video · On November 4, , Senator Barack Obama of Illinois was elected president of the United States over Senator John McCain of Arizona.
Obama became the 44th president, and the first African. So a photo of John F. Kennedy might list his name followed by John F. Kennedy, Lieutenant aboard PT, John F. Kennedy, Senator from Massachusetts, or J ohn F.
Kennedy, president of the United States. In recent years, a concerted effort has been gathering force to allow new immigrants to the United States to vote without becoming citizens.
It is being mounted by an alliance of liberal (or progressive, if you prefer) academics and law professors, local and state political leaders most often associated with the Democratic Party or other progressive .