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Gas Laws, Kinetic theory — Maxwell distribution of velocities, Average, root mean square and most probable velocities and relation to temperature, Diffusion; Deviation from ideal behaviour — Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.
Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity. Imperfections- Point defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids — qualitative description.
Wave-particle duality — de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes s, p, and dSpin quantum number. Periodic law and the modern periodic table; Types of elements: Natural and artificial radioactivity; Nuclear reactions.
Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle 3. Polarity; Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond. Bond dissociation, combustion, atomization, sublimation, dilution 4.
Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and nonmechanical work; Standard free energies of formation, free energy change and chemical equilibrium; Third Law and Absolute Entropies.
Physical and Chemical Equilibria 5. Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality 5. Equilibria involving physical changes solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gasAdsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm. Oxidation-reduction reactions electron transfer concept ; Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; Idea of heterogeneous equilibria on the surface of the electrode; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Concentration cells; Secondary cells; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half life for zero and first order reactions; Determination of rate constant and order of reaction 7. Concentration of the reactants, size of particles; Temperature dependence of rate constant; Activation energy; Catalysis, Surface catalysis, enzymes, zeolites; Factors affecting rate of collisions between molecules; Effect of light.
Half-life period; Radiochemical dating.
Hydrogen and s-block elements 8. Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide; Hydrogen as a fuel.
Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in each group; diagonal relationships. Lithium, sodium and potassium: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group.
Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis; 9.
|Write a balanced equation for the proton transfer reaction between water and||Langmuir equation is valid for adsorption form solution. Hence Vm and b can be estimated.|
Uses, Allotropes graphite, diamond, fullerenesoxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon: Dinitrogen; Reactivity and uses of nitrogen and its compounds; Industrial and biological nitrogen fixation; Ammonia: Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur; Production of sulphur and sulphuric acid; Structure and properties of oxides, oxoacids, hydrides and halides of sulphur.
Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids of chlorine; Inter halogen compounds; Bleaching Powder; Preparation, structure and reactions of xenon fluorides, oxides, and oxoacids.
General trends in the chemistry of first row transition elements; Metallic character; Oxidation state; Ionic radii; Catalytic properties; Magnetic properties; Interstitial compounds; Occurrence and extraction of iron, copper, silver, zinc, and mercury; Alloy formation; Steel and some important alloys; preparation and properties of CuSO4, K2Cr2O7, KMnO4, Mercury halides; Silver nitrate and silver halides; Photography.Analytical analysis of Aluminium in a sample [MarZ Chemistry] The sodium carbonate solution to be prepared is used to precipitate ALL the aluminium salt to its carbonate.
For our g of sample, % Sulphuric Acid measure 1mL. amount of carbonate in an ore . A solution of × 10 –4 M of malachite green was prepared in double distilled water and g of BaCrO 4 was added to it.
The pH of the reaction mixture was adjusted to with the help of previously standardized sodium hydroxide and sulphuric acid solutions. Then the solution was exposed to the light of a W tungsten lamp. Unit - 1 Some basic concepts of chemistry: Importance of studying chemistry, physical quantities and their s.1 units, dimensional analysis precision and significant figures, classification of matter laws of chemical combination, Dalton's atomic theory, mole concept, atomic, molecular and molar masses.
2. Specific: Effect of substituents on alpha-carbon on acid strength, comparative reactivity of acid derivatives, basic character of amines and their separation, importance of diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry. Biological, Industrial and Environmental chemistry.
1. The Cell: Concept of cell and energy cycle. 2. In this, 5 g of graphite was added into a mixture of mL of sulphuric acid (Molychem-AR) and 12 mL of orthophosphoric acid (Molychem-AR) and stirred for 10 min.
To it, . Chemistry/Dimensional Analysis. What mass of sodium hydroxide pellets must be poured into a waste drum containing L o mol/L sulphuric acid to completely neutralize the waste acid solution?
Chemistry. a grams sample of aluminum metal is added to a solution containing grams of dissolved iron chloride. the reaction.